Useful References

Reports available via the Internet about street children and orphans

UNICEF report: The State of the World’s Children 2006: Excluded and Invisible

UNICEF report: Africa’s Orphaned and Vulnerable Generations: Children Affected by AIDS (2006)

UNICEF report: Africa’s Orphaned Generations (2003)

The next two reports come from the New Internationalist, which is a not-for-profit cooperative magazine, accessible on-line.

Swift, A. (1996)  Scared of Our Own Kids.  New Internationalist, 276.

Street Children (2005). New Internationalist, 377, 18-19.

Ladies First:  Handbook: Rwanda’s Challenges (see Part II on AIDS and Orphans), PBS (Public Broadcasting Service) Wide Angle episode, 7/22/04

Street Children informational web site compiled by University of Massachusetts Emeritus Professor Martin Pratt

"Living on the Streets" (World Press article about street children in Sudan, 10/1/06)

Report by Tharp-Taylor, S. (2003). The effects of early social deprivation on children reared in foreign orphanages.

Wikipedia entry about street children

Books and Academic Journal Articles about street children and orphans

Abebe, T., & Aase, Asbjorn. (2007). Children, AIDS and the politics of orphan care in Ethiopia: the extended family revisited. Social Science & Medecine, 64, 2058-2069.

Bao, W., Whitbeck, L. B., & Hoyt, D. R. (2000). Abuse, support, and depression among homeless and runaway adolescents. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 41(4), 408-420.

Beah, Ishmael. (2007). A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier.  NY: Sarah Crichton Books.

Conticini, Allessandro.  (2008).  Surfing in the air: a grounded theory of the dynamics of street life and its policy implications.  Journal of International Development, 20: 413-436.

De Moura, S. (2002). The social construction of street children: configuration and implications. The British Journal of Social Work, 32(3), 353-367.

Dybicz, P. (2005). Interventions for street children: an analysis of current best practices. International social work, 48(6), 763-771.

Ennew, Judith. (2005). ‘Prisoners of childhood: orphans and economic dependency’, in Qvortrup, J. (Ed.), Studies in Modern Childhood: society, agency, culture.  Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 128-146. 

Evans, Karin. (2000). The Lost Daughters of China: Abandoned Girls, Their Journey to America, and the Search for a Missing Past.  NY: Tarcher/Putnam.

Hecht, Tobias. (1998). At Home in the Street: Street Children of Northeast Brazil. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Kerfoot, M., Koshyl, V, Roganov, O, Mikhailichenko, K, Gorbova, I, & Pottage D. (2007). The health and well-being of neglected, abused, and exploited children: the Kyiv Street Children Project. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31(1): 27-37.

Kidd, Sean (2003). Street youth: coping and interventions. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20(4), 235-261.

Kilbride, P. L. (2000). Street children in Kenya: Voices of children in search of a childhood. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.

Le Roux, Johann; Smith, Cheryl Sylvia. (1998). Causes and characteristics of the street child phenomenon: a global perspective. Adolescence, 33(131): 683-8.

Le Roux, J., & Smith, C. (1998). Public perceptions of, and reactions to, street children. Adolescence, 132(33), 901-913.

Mickelson, R. A. (2000). Children on the streets of the Americas: Globalization, homelessness, and education, and globalization in the United States, Brazil, and Cuba.  New York: Routledge.

Miller, D. E. & Miller, L. T. (2004). Orphans of the Rwanda Genocide. Pasadena, CA: New Vision Partners.

Panter-Brick, Catherine (2002). Street children, human rights and public health: a critique and future directions. Annual Review of Anthropology, 147(25), 147-171.

Raffaelli, M., & Larson, R. W. (1999). Homeless and working youth around the world: Exploring developmental issues. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Raleigh-DuRoff, C. (2004). Factors that influence homeless adolescents to leave or stay living on the street. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21(6): 561-571.

Roby, J.L., & Shaw, S. (2006). The African orphan crisis and international adoption. Social Work, 51(3): 199-212.

Schimmel, N. (2006). Freedom and autonomy of street children. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 14(3), 211-234.

Documentaries about orphans and street children

(Note: Content may be disturbing.)


Children Underground

Invisible Children

Bus 174

Born into Brothels

Warrior of Light

The Lost Boys of Sudan

The Street Children of Kinshasa

Watoto wa Mitaani: Children of the Streets

Emmanuel Jal: War Child

War Dance

ABC Africa

Feature films about orphans and street children

Slumdog Millionaire

Turtles Can Fly


Salaam Bombay

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